In addition to the few times mentioned online resources that you can find in a detailed search of the Internet (we recommend research in English), the literature can be searched in the following ways:

Departing to a library, archive or other institution (museums, institutions for the protection of cultural monuments …) – we advise that if you are not a permanent member of a particular library, first search the electronic catalog of the library, to see if She has the necessary books and publications for the purpose of seminar or other work. There are a large number of libraries, and many of them offer the possibility of online book search:

  • National Library;
  • City Library;
  • University Library;
  • Library of the Academy of Sciences and Arts and many others.
  • Online search for sources and quotes with relevant sources:
  • Virtual library;
  • Citation index;
  • Ask the professor to give you books and scientific papers that he has about the subject;

Writing seminar work at the library

We personally prefer different ways to access the research, but the combination of online resources, as well as the online database search of the library and the subsequent departure to the library to browse important pages of books and scientific articles is a winning combination.

Since you do not spend a lot of time in the library, many students use the method of taking all the relevant books, studying the contents of a book according to the number of pages, and photographing important parts, so that they can access home reading in detail. We do not say this is a method, but it is settled. Assess yourself, do you like to frequently go to a library and research, or to invest more time at a library, and then continue writing from home.

How to cite a source in seminar work and paraphrase sentences?

As you read literature for writing seminar work or any other source of information, type important sentences and passages that you want to mention in the seminar work, word to word, directly into your text document of the seminar paper (Word or Google document, regardless of what program you are writing ). While typing in sentences, be sure to write the exact sources that the author may refer to at the end of the sentences and paragraphs (in Harvard or Apa style of guiding), and write down important guidelines for each sentence or paragraph, from where you copied the given sentence (title of work or article, page, author and year), so you can orientate yourself later. This may be the most important answer to the question of how the seminar paper is written.

We have already written in detail about how literature is quoted in scientific works, as well as the guidance of literature, but we will now look here in two main ways, with a concrete example of how to refer to a source in seminar work, citing or persuading and paraphrasing .

A few times the mentioned typing sentence will provide several advantages:

The ability to copy a word-to-word sentence into any part of your work later, without any noise, as an official quotation in the seminar paper;

The ability to easily reformulate sentences of important sources and then supplement them with your own thoughts, attitudes or thoughts of another author;

Return to the desired section with the ability to easily get into writing and work, without having to overturn pages of the book again and again in search of a sentence that you read somewhere;

Citing the author from word to word – APA style example

If you decide that it is in some part of your seminar paper, you should quote the complete sentence or the position of an author, quote as follows:

Make an introduction to the problem, and link the story with the previous sentence you wrote,

then put “:” (two points),

then open the quotation marks and write the sentence of the author from word to word, with the initial capital letter,

Put a point or three points (if the quote goes further) at the end of the quote,

Close the quotation marks,

Open the bracket and write the author’s last name, the year of the edition and the quotation page, close the parenthesis and place a dot

Of course, you can also bypass the introduction to the sentence and simply begin with the signs of the statement, if the sentence naturally adds to the previous sentence / paragraph.

There is a debate about whether the bracket with the author’s surname, the year and the quotation page is placed before or after the point (signs of the allegations), and our experiences have shown that this was generally accepted and advised by professors, mainly from social sciences.

Another citation method often used, first of all in the natural sciences, is the citation in the footnote, which implies that on the word or end of the sentence that you write, which you consider to be complementary to more information or thoughts of authors from other scientific sources, put an appropriate number of footnotes (in your text document) and then put a complete quotation with signs indicating the appropriate place in the footnote.

However, whatever method of citation to choose (consult with the professor), this citation method is required to be used during the entire seminar work. The method of citing from situation to situation must not be combined.

Paraphrasing sentences and preformulations – an example of APA + footnotes

Very similar to quoting, paraphrasing sentences is the most useful method for mentioning attitudes and thoughts of scientists and experts in a particular field in which the theme of the seminar paper deals. Paraphrasing provides a chance to highlight important attitudes, insights and concepts that you can not come to independently, by which you give a scientific foundation for your work, and you can be creative and compare the thoughts of different authors.

The ideal way to show your understanding of the topic is to draw conclusions from these thoughts and paraphrase sentences, and to comment on a particular issue on your own. In this way, different topics and time periods in which the scientific knowledge emerged, as well as the style of writing that would not be natural if you would quote every thought from word to word, are associated.

An example of the picture includes paraphrased information from another scientific paper, with the emphasis on the source from which the sentence is paraphrased, as well as the use of footnotes, but not for the citation style, but providing additional information that does not need to be stated in the main part of the text.